The prestigious ‘Castle Of The Winds’, or Hawa Mahal, is one of the conspicuous vacation spots in Jaipur city. Situated in the core of Jaipur, this lovely five-story castle was developed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who had a place with Kachhwaha Rajput administration. The principle engineer of this royal residence worked of red and pink sandstone, is Lal Chand Ustad and the castle is accepted to have been built as the crown of Krishna, the Hindu god. Considered as an epitome of Rajputana engineering, the fundamental feature of Hawa Mahal is its pyramid shape and its 953 windows or ‘Jharokhas’ which are brightened with complicated plans. The primary aim behind the development of the Mahal was to encourage the regal ladies and give them a perspective of regular day to day existence through the windows, as they never showed up out in the open. Peruse further to find out about Hawa Mahal, its history, engineering and its meeting hours.
Hawa Mahal or the ‘Castle Of The Winds’ situated in the core of the wonderful Pink City of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India, is a standout amongst the most well known vacation destinations and a conspicuous milestone of the city that is eminent for its rich social and building history. Worked in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of the Kachhwaha Rajput line, this delightful structure is dominatingly a high screen divider made of pink and red sandstone that encouraged imperial ladies to get an eyeful of the road celebrations and occupied city life while staying out of the perspective of open. This five-story working in the state of a crown of Lord Krishna with 953 jharokhas or windows and a perfectly enhanced façade taking after a honeycomb of a colony that gives one a vibe of the rich legacy of the Rajputs.
Hawa Mahal History
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of the incomparable Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who manufactured Jaipur, built the Hawa Mahal in 1799. He was so awed with the Khetri Mahal worked by Maharaja Bhopal Singh in the town of Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan that he left on developing the Hawa Mahal that today remains as a surprising pearl of Rajput style of engineering. It was worked as an expansion of the Royal City Palace and prompts the zenana or ladies’ chambers. One of the principle reasons of developing this excellent mahal adorned with fine cross section windows and screened galleries was to encourage the imperial Rajput ladies, who generally pursued the strict Purdah framework and ceased from showing up out in the open, in getting a look at the day by day occasions, regal parades and celebrations occurring in the city. Along these lines they could make the most of their feeling of opportunity while keeping up their traditions.
It was in 1799 that the Kachhwaha Rajput ruler, Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who fabricated Jaipur, developed Hawa Mahal as a continuation of the Royal City Palace. Sawai Pratap Singh’s commitment to Lord Krishna is obvious in the royal residence’s development as it takes after the ruler’s crown. In spite of the fact that numerous reasons are refered to behind the development of the fortress, Purdah framework pursued by the Rajputs is said to be one of the fundamental driver. Amid those days, Rajput illustrious ladies did not show up out in the open or before outsiders. Be that as it may, they were quick to pursue the everyday occasions and illustrious parades happening in the city. It is for their advantage that the Hawa Mahal was assembled, finished with little windows and screened galleries. This gave the ladies a feeling of opportunity, without showing up in broad daylight.
Engineering and Design of Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal, planned as a colony palace with little windows, has a tallness of 50 feet from its base. This structure, raised on a thin shield or platform around fifty feet high, has dividers not exactly a foot thick. Developed of red and pink sandstones by Lal Chand Ustad, Hawa Mahal is acclaimed for its windows or ‘Jharokhas’ which empower free dissemination of air inside the structure. Its passageway is an entryway which prompts an open patio encompassed by two-story structures on three sides. Of the five accounts of the Mahal, the best three stories have the thickness of a solitary room while the base stories have patios. The inside of the Hawa Mahal is unmistakable and plain with sections and columns coming to the best story. The building does not have stairs to achieve the upper floors; the tales are associated by inclines. From Hawa Mahal, you have a phenomenal perspective of the city. The landmark additionally has an archeological historical center.
The draftsman of this one of a kind five-storied pyramidal royal residence with a stature of 15 m from its raised base was Lal Chand Ustad. The structure of the building grandstands an amazing mix of Hindu Rajput design with that of the Islamic Mughal engineering. The previous style is unmistakable from the fluted columns, flower designs and domed shelters while the curves and stone decorate filigree work are signs of the last style.
Keeping in accordance with different popular tourist spots of the city, which is suitably labeled as the ‘Pink City’, this landmark was worked with red and pink sandstones. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh’s commitment towards Lord Krishna is showed from the plan of the structure of the royal residence that takes after the crown of the Lord. In spite of the fact that not actually a castle, it would appear that one from the road. The façade of the building unpredictably cut with lovely themes is related to that of the honeycomb of a bee sanctuary. A few potholes of the structure each having little cross section windows, etched sandstone flame broil and enhanced arches give the building a look of a mass of semi-octagonal straights. There are an aggregate of 953 extravagantly cut jharokhas or windows, some of which are made of wood. These jharokhas were work in such a way, to the point that air flows normally through them making Venturi impact (specialist breeze) in this way cooling the whole structure amid the sweltering summers. Each jharokha has a little chamber where one can sit and see the road. Wellsprings at the center of each chamber complimented well with the light breeze coursing through the jharokhas along these lines upgrading the cooling impact of the chambers.
The splendidly imagined plan, style and development of the mahal made it the most loved hotel of Maharaja Jai Singh and wound up acclaimed as his perfect work of art. A supreme entryway from the city castle side prompts the passageway of the Hawa Mahal. Three two-storied structures encase an extensive yard on three sides with the Hawa Mahal situated on its eastern side. The yard directly houses an archeological gallery. The inside of the mahal comprising of chambers as additionally entries and columns prompting the best story is anyway very plain and basic contrasted with the ornamented outside. The width of the best three stories is that of a solitary room while the initial two stories have patios. There are no stairs in the building and best stories can be achieved just by slopes.
Close-by Tourist Attractions
There are various attractions around Hawa Mahal, for example, the acclaimed Jantar Mantar, Govind Devji sanctuary, Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Ram Niwas Bagh, BM Birla Planetarium, Jain Temple, Statue Circle, Sisodia Rani Garden, etc.
Hawa Mahal, which is the pith of Rajput design, stands high in the core of Jaipur city as a noticeable fascination. Expectation this article acclimates you with Hawa Mahal and its notable criticalness.
A Visit to the Hawa Mahal
The Hawa Mahal that pulls in national and worldwide vacationers visiting Jaipur is situated in the southern piece of the city on Hawa Mahal Rd, Badi Choupad. It tends to be visited on all days from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm, anyway it is best seen promptly in the first part of the day when the brilliant beams of the Sun fall on this regal building giving it a progressively rich and exquisite look. The old curios safeguarded in the historical center of the mahal give one a look at the rich past, the social legacy and the extravagant way of life of the Rajputs. One can benefit a taxi or book a vehicle to achieve the goal. As summers in Rajasthan are excessively sweltering, the best time to visit Jaipur is from October to March when the climate of the city becoms charming.